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 Fryderyk Pautsch,

Self-portrait with a hat.



  Frederick Pautsch was born on September 22, 1877. in Delatyń near Stanislaviv (Ukraine). His parents, after several years moved to Suchodoł in Eastern Galicia. Undoubtedly, the young boy had to admire the surrounding beautiful mountain nature and ubiquitous Hutsul customs and rituals certainly contributed to his later works. Frederick received a good education, attending first to the classical high school in Lviv (where he met two future painters - Casimir Sichulski and Wladyslaw Jarocki), and then choosing to study law at the Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. He continued  his studies at the Jagiellonian University, starting at the same time Painting in the Academy of Fine Arts. With care of prof. Joseph Unierzyński and later Leon Wyczółkowski, Frederick Pautsch resigned from his law studies and devoted himself to painting.

  Artistic education of the young apprentice of Painting lasted from 1900 to 1906. From 1902 to 1905 Frederick worked as a cartoonist in the satirical cartoonist magazines "Mulch" and "Liberum Veto". At the turn of 1903/1904 he was with Casimir Sichulski and Wladyslaw Jarocki in Pokucie, where he recorded images, customs and rituals of Hutsuls. At the turn of 1905/1906, Frederick was perfecting his technique of painting in the Paris Académie Julian (in the J.P. Laurens studio). After returning home and graduating from Academy of Fine Arts, he settled in Lviv. In 1908 he joined the Society of Polish Artists "Art" and in 1912 he became a member of the Viennese group "Hagenbund". In the same year Frederick began to teach in Königliche Akademie für Kunst und Kunstgewerbe in Wroclaw, where he taught decorative painting. The years of World War I he spent at the front, documenting the war as a soldier in the Austrian army. In 1919 Frederick settled in Poznan, where he worked as a Director of the School of Decorative Arts and Artistic Industry. In 1921, he became one of the founding members of the Poznan group "Dawn". In the same year he entered the Paris Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. In 1925 he was appointed to the dean of Painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow. During World War II, he taught at the National School of Decorative Arts in Cracow (the former Academy of Fine Arts), and in 1945 took a new job at the Academy of Fine Arts as a professor. He died in 1950 in Cracow.

  Frederick Pautsch was one of the leading representatives of mainstream folk, rooted in the cultural traditions of the Hutsul region and Podhale. He recreated rural customs (Hutsul Wedding, 1913) and religious rituals (Hutsul Funeral, 1907; At the Cathedral of St. George in Lviv, 1907; Beggars, 1907; Feast of Jordan, 1909). He recorded also the directly observed episodes of daily living (Hutsul Market , about 1913); captivated multiplicity of folk costumes and performed studies of peasants (Spinner, 1904; Raftsmen Carpathian, 1910, Study of the peasants, 1913; Old Hutsul with a Pipe, 1929).His compositions includes the emotional charge, which Pautsch meant that his work was the border of realism and expressionism, his individual style, standing out in the art of Young Poland.

  Frederick Pautsch was also great and well-known portrait painter, who recorded images of prominent cultural and political figures in Poland. He  performed portraits on and without request. In the years 1908-1910, Frederick created a whole gallery of images of representatives of intellectual and artistic elite of Lviv (Portrait of Leopold Staff, Portrait of Jan Kasprowicz). He had also a principle that when he met a "unusual" person, he asked his or her about posing. Portraits painted in such circumstances, he included to the private collection. Here are few examples of  his works with "unusual" models, such as: My students from the University of Wroclaw, Malarczyk or a portraits of Alfred Scheu, Mr. S. and others. During World War I, Frederick Pautsch was drafted into the Austrian army, where he served as the documentarian. From this period, the Museum has several portraits of soldiers and prisoners of war. During his stay at the front, he created also a series of paintings depicting towns and villages of Western and Eastern Galicia.

  Frederick's back to Cracow in 1925 has resulted in many works, painted with topics related to the city and its' surroundings (especially Pieniny Mountains, where Frederick spent his free time with his family). Many paintings from this period, he painted straight from the terrace of his house and close to nature, for example: Garden with views of the military barracks, The meadow, The orchard (tea).

  A permanent exhibition of Frederick Pautsch, a prominent painter and educator, is an opportunity to get acquainted with his art, which has been unjustly forgotten for decades.